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Department of hydrochemistry
Department of agrometeorological researches
Department of hydrological researches
Department of measurement instruments, metrology and standardization
Department of numerical and synoptical researches
Department of system hydrometereological researches
Department of the atmosphere physics
Department of climatic researches and weather long-range forecasts
Department of climatic researches and weather long-range forecasts
Department of the atmosphere state researches


LIST OF EQUIPMENT USED BY DERM UHMI

LIST OF EQUIPMENT USED BY DERM UHMI

DERM have professional analytical equipment and sample preparation facilities, allowing to carry out comprehensive radionuclides measurements in the environment, e.g. HPGe Semi-conductor Gamma spectrometry detectors, high efficient low background liquid scintillation counters TriCarb and Triatler; alpha spectrometers and alpha-beta radiometers, and also modern basic sample preparation facilities including Freeze drying equipment and high speed centrifuges, and also basic radiochemical laboratories.

No. Name of equipment Technical details Application
. Expeditionary Vehicles
1.1 Expeditionary vessel, Project 1830 Displacement - 100 tons, length 35 m, draft 1.8 m, scientific team 6-10 persons, equip-ped by motor boat "Kazanka" by the length 4,6 m for 2-4 person, engine PARSUN 9.8 To provide the field measurements and sampling
1.2. Car Great Wall Pegasus 5 persons, 150-200 kg equipment for fieldwork - " -
1.3 Inflatable boat AQUA STAR 2-4 persons, engine PARSUN 9.8 - " -
I. Field measuring equipment
2.1 Echo-sounder EAGLE Fish Elite 480 Combined with GPS To measure the depths in sampling si-tes, to conduct the bathymetric survey
2.2 YSI LOW LEVEL OXYGEN METER Water column sensing by probe YSI 5718 O2 - % of saturation, t° Determination of temperature and oxygen stratification of water column
2.3 Multimeter GEAWELLTECK Eijkelkamp 18.28 with number of probes O2 mg/l, t°, pH, Eh, Electro Conductivity (EC), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) Measurement of general physico-chemical parameters, temperature and oxygen content in water samples
2.4 pH-meter WTW pH 330 A robust and waterproof battery-operated pH/mV meter. Optimized for on-site and field use, but also can be used in the laboratory. pH and temperature measuring
2.5 Spectrophotometer HACH DR 2000 The DR/2000 Spectrophotometer is a microprocessor-controlled, single-beam instrument suitable for colorimetric testing in the laboratory or the field.

The instrument is precalibrated for over 120 different colorimetric measurements and has provisions for user entered calibrations as well as future HACH methods.
Currently used for:
  • Ammonia analysis, using Nessler reagent method;
  • Optical characteristics analysis (Absorbance).
III. Hydrometric equipment
3.1 Current meter GR-21M Mechanical To measure the velocity of currents in watercourses
3.2 Bottle-bathometer GR-16 1 liter by volume Sampling of water and suspended sediment in watercourses
3.3 Molchanov bathometer GR-18 with the thermometer 4 liters by volume Water sampling in lakes and reservoirs
3.4 Hydrological manual winch Load capacity 30 kg To lower hydrological instruments to a depth of 20 m
4.1 Filtration-adsorption system Midiya Water supply - vibration pump, 220 v, 50 Hz, water discharge 7-10 l/min. Filter block with 10 combined filters 150 mm diameter, total filtration area 0,154 m2, effective pore diameter 0,45 μm, sorbent ANFEZH, 150 g For the concentrating of the suspended sediments and dissolved Cs-137 from the large volumes (up to 1000 l) of water in situ
4.2 Filtration-adsorption system Mini-Midiya (portable option) Water supply - vibration pump, 12 v, water discharge 2-3 l/min. Filter block with 1 combined filter 150 mm diameter, total filtration area 0,015 m2, effective pore diameter 0,45 μm, sorbent ANFEZH, 50 g For the concentrating of the suspended sediments and dissolved 137Cs from the little and medium volumes (10100 l) of water in situ
V. The laboratory filtration-adsorption systems
5.1 Filtration-adsorption system Mini-Midiya (stationary option) 1 combined filter 150 mm diameter, total filtration area 0,015 m2, effective pore diameter 0,45 μm, sorbent ANFEZH, 20 g Vacuum pump 220 v, 50 Hz Concentrating of the suspended sediments and dissolved 137Cs from the little and medium volumes (10-100 liters) of water
5.2 Tangential filtration system Pellicon acrylic holder for Pellicon Cassette of Millipore Corporation, filter area 0.46 m2, pore size 0,45 μm

Water supply peristaltic pump Masterflex, max rotor speed 50-650 rpm, tube bore 17 mm 230 v, 50Hz
For concentrating of the suspended sediments from large volumes of water (up to 1000 liters) to a volume 1-2 liters
5.3 Ultrafiltration system Milli-pore AMICON Ultra water   Concentration of colloidal samples
5.4 Filtration unit GR-60 1-liter with hand pump, combined filter Ø 90 mm Filtration of water samples
VI. Samplers for bottom sediments
6.1 MACKERETH 1 metre (Mini) CORER Pneumatic, slow penetration of tube into the sediments under the action of the compressed air To obtain a core 1 m long and 65 mm in diameter and include an undisturbed sediment/water interface
6.2 Bottom sediment sampler DT-3 1-2 meter rods, stainless sampling cylinder, the max sampling depth 8 meters To obtain a core 30 cm long and 113 mm in diameter and include an undisturbed sediment/water interface
6.3 Bottom sediment sampler DA-3 Rope, stainless and plastic sampling cylinders, the max sampling depth 30 m  
6.4 Extruders for cores extrac-tion from tubes and slicing Hydraulic type, Mechanical type For each of the above mentioned samplers
VII. Samplers for soil
7.1 Stainless soil corer Cylinder inside Ø 58 mm, max length of core 25 cm To obtain undisturbed core 25 cm long and 58 mm in diameter
7.2 Stainless soil corer Cylinder inside Ø 48 mm, max length of core 19 cm To obtain undisturbed core 19 cm long and 48 mm in diameter
VIII. Radiometric equipment
8.1 Gamma radiation spectrometer with HPGe detector GWL-type 100210, ORTEC, USA 20-3000 keV, weight of sample 0.5-4 g Gamma-ray Spectrometry of samples
8.2 Gamma radiation spectrometer with HPGe detector GMX40 type, ORTEC, USA 5-3000 keV, weight of sample 5-500 g Gamma-ray Spectrometry of samples
8.3 Gamma radiation spectrometer with HPGe detector type BE5030, CANBERRA, USA 5-3000 keV, weight of sample 5-500 g Gamma-ray Spectrometry of samples
8.4 Liquid-Scintillation spectrometer "Triatler" with option of alpha-beta discrimination, HYDEX, Finland Portable, single sample liquid scintillation counter that can detect both beta and alpha emitters with high sensitivity.
  • Beta counting in liquid scintillation
  • Gamma counting
  • Luminescence counting
8.5 Liquid-scintillation low-background spectrometer for alpha-beta radiation TriCarb 2900TR Perkin-Elmer, USA Computer-controlled benchtop liquid scintillation analyzer for detecting small amounts of alpha, beta and gamma radioactivity. Spectrometry of alpha/beta emission
8.6 Alpha-beta radiometer UMF-2000, Russian Federation Low background alpha/beta radiometer with silicon detector. The radiometer is widely used for low level activity measurements by alpha and beta counting. It is recommended for measurement of gross alpha and beta activity in natural and drinking waters.
  • Measurement of gross activity of alpha-emitting radionuclides in thick and thin samples;
  • Measurement of activity of beta-emitting radionuclides in samples of foodstuffs, soil, water, as well as of filters and samples prepared by the selective radiochemical extraction;
  • Measurement of activity of alpha-emitting radionuclides in samples prepared by the selective radiochemical extraction (relative procedures are necessary).
8.7 Beta-radiometer RUB-01P, USSR Designed to measure specific and volumetric activity of beta-emitting nuclides in environ-mental samples, as well as to measure the activity of b-active samples relative method.

Measuring range active reference source (90Sr + 90Y) is in the range of 13 to 1300 Bq.
Radiometry of beta emission
IX. Laboratory equipment
9.1 System freezer drying suspensions LABCONCO FreeZone 4 L   To remove excess moisture
9.2 System freezer drying of soil samples LABCONCO FreeZone 6L   To remove excess moisture
9.3 RETSCH sieve shaker AS 200   To accelerate the sieving processs
9.4 A set of RETSCH Test Sieves 200 mm and 150 mm DIA X 50 mm   To divide the solid material by the size
9.5 RETSCH planetary ball mill PM100   Milling of solid material
9.6 Oven Venticell 111   To dry the samples
9.7 Oven SNOL 67/350   To dry the samples
9.8 Muffle furnaces SNOL   To ash the samples
9.9 Centrifuge SIGMA 3-16    
9.10 Analytical balances VLR200 0,001-200 g, readability 0,0001 g  
9.11 Analytical balances 1-3100 g, readability 0.01 g  
9.12 Adventurer OHAUS    
9.13 Precision balances Kern EW 620-3NM 0,1-620 gr, readability 0,001 g  
9.14 Hydraulic press CARVER Model 4350 L Bench Top Laboratory Manual Press To prepare the tablets for gamma-spectrometry
X. Other equipment
10.1 Portable electric station 230 v, 50 Hz, 2 kW For field equipment
10.2 Portable high-pressure compressor 200 bar To fill the gas cylinders by the compressed air

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